What is Nasal Valve Stenosis?
It occurs when the nasal valves are narrow enough to prevent breathing or the angle between the nasal wings and nasal septum decreases. Nasal valve stenosis is one of the most common causes of nasal congestion. Patients with this problem have complaints such as snoring, dry mouth, nasal congestion, lack of effort capacity and decreased sleep quality.
Nasal valve stenosis causes a serious decrease in the sleep quality of patients. Since nasal valve stenosis causes the nasal wings to collapse while you breathe, you begin to breathe through the mouth, especially during sleep.
Therefore, if they do not treat nasal valve stenosis, they may experience complaints such as chronic fatigue, irritability, sore throat, dry throat and distraction.
Main Causes of Nasal Valve Stenosis:
This situation, which may occur due to narrowing in the nasal valve area, may develop due to many reasons. The nasal valve is a structure that controls the air intake into the nose. There are two types of nose valves, external and internal. External nasal valve is the name of the area at the entrance of the nostril. The internal nasal valve consists of the lower end of the upper lateral nasal cartilage, nasal septum and lower concha. It is important that both external and internal nasal valve boundaries are at correct angles. As a matter of fact, when the nasal valve angle is not correct and sufficient, this problem, which we call nasal valve stenosis, occurs. If we summarize the main causes of nasal valve failure:
- Genetic reasons
- Traumas experienced in the nose
- Nasal swelling
- Facial paralysis
- Cleft lip
- Nasal bone curvature
- Having the wrong nose job
Nasal Valve Diagnosis and Symptoms
Nasal valve stenosis with high visual frequency in people with narrow nose structure; We can understand by a simple physical test called the “Cottle maneuver”.
We put two index fingers at the intersection of the nose and cheek, and if the person breathes easily with the opening of the area, we can diagnose nasal valve insufficiency. They can treat nasal valve stenosis with surgical methods.
After giving general information about what nasal valve insufficiency is and its causes, we can also give information about the symptoms of nasal valve insufficiency. We can list the main symptoms in question as follows:
- Nasal Congestion
- Sleeping with mouth open
- Increasing nasal congestion and decreasing effort capacity while exerting effort
- Sleeping with a feeling of drying and sticking in the throat in the morning
- Waking up tired as a result of poor sleep quality
If you also have the above symptoms, it would be useful to consult an expert on the subject. After the necessary examinations, the specialist doctor will diagnose the nasal valve if you have it. The nasal structure of people with this problem is usually narrow and when they breathe through the nose, the nasal sidewalls collapse inward. For the diagnosis of nasal valve, doctors use methods such as endoscopic examination.
Nasal Valve Stenosis Treatment
After giving information about the nasal valve symptoms and diagnosis, we can give information about the nasal valve insufficiency surgery process. In the treatment of nasal valve stenosis, you should have surgery for a permanent solution. For this, the patient and the doctor make a preliminary interview and the doctor applies the necessary tests to the patient. As a result of the results, if they detect any functional disorder other than the nasal valve, they include that disorder in the operation process.
As a result of the examination, they draw a road map for nasal valve stenosis surgery. In this surgery, which they mostly perform under general anesthesia, they support the weak areas with cartilage parts in order to prevent the collapse that causes the nasal valve. In addition, they correct the nasal valve angle.
They also eliminate the curvatures in the nasal cartilages. With such interventions, they aim to expand the valve area in the nose and provide more comfortable air flow while breathing through the nose. Thus, after the treatment of nasal valve insufficiency, the patient can breathe more easily when the patient breathes through the nose and gets rid of other negativities related to the nasal valve.